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Addiction Info

Opioid and Opiate Abuse Treatment

Opioid and Opiate addiction are a widespread problem that does not discriminate, and families all across the United States are being ravaged. For those caught in the endless cycle of using and relapsing, GateHouse treatment centers offer a way out. You can stop using and abusing opiates, and find a new way of life. Recovery from opiate addiction is possible, and GateHouse is ready to stand by your side.

For adults who are ready to overcome their opiate addiction, we offer a personal approach to opiate addiction treatment that is based on proved addiction treatment methodologies and your unique experiences. We offer real recovery for real people by promoting personal responsibility, accountability, and giving you the tools needed to build a strong recovery.

We are personally invested in each and every one of our clients’ recovery processes, and putting people first has always been the bedrock of our treatment philosophy. End the insanity of doing the same thing over and over, reach out today, and find out how GateHouse can help you live a life worth living.

What is Opioid and Opiate Abuse?

Opiates and opioids are medications or drugs derived from opium, there is many legal and illicit substances that are considered opiates or opioids and our country is facing an epidemic of opioid abuse. In response to the staggering numbers of those facing opiate addiction, the efforts of opiate treatment centers and resources have also doubled their efforts to offer opioid rehab services.

Opiate abuse and addiction can occur in anyone, most of those who are struggling with heroin addiction started abusing opioid medication at first. Opioids and opiates range from a Schedule III drug to a Schedule I drug. The higher the scheduling of the drug the higher potential of opioid abuse and opioid addiction there is. Even taking opioid medication prescribed by a doctor can still result in opiate addiction and opiate withdrawal in the patient. Anyone taking opioids in any form should be weaned off, not abruptly stop taking them so they don’t experience the painful withdrawal. Opiate treatment centers offer a medical detox for those struggling with opiate addiction.

Quick Facts About Opiates and Opioids

• Opioid medications can be natural, semi-synthetic, and fully synthetic.
• More than 30% of overdoses involving opioids also involved benzodiazepines
• From 2012 – 2015 there was a 264% increase in synthetic opioid overdose deaths.

•Opioids are commonly prescribed for chronic pain.
• Opiate medications can be swallowed, smoked, snorted and, shot intravenously.

History of Opioids and Opiate Abuse
Opium has been around since the 1500s and used from then on in different ways, as science and pharmaceuticals had advanced, so did the way opiates were being administered and used in medicinal and recreational uses. Morphine was the first widely used opioid medication, it was administered to Civil War Veterans that were injured. In 1898 the Bayer Co. started production of a new opioid, heroin. During clinical trials it was coined as a “miracle drug” and it spread to the underground of addicts and was being injected for recreational purposes.
In the last 50 years the heroin, opioid, and opiate crises have risen and fallen. Opiate and opioid abuse and addiction are once again at a peak and have been on a rise since 1996 when OxyContin first came onto the market by Purdue Pharma. Opiate prescriptions jumped by 11 million after Purdue Pharma released its promotional video for OxyContin. In 2010 the makers of OxyContin released “abuse-deterrent” factor in their pills making them more difficult to crush and abuse through snorting or injection.
This then became the time when most struggling with opioid abuse turned to heroin, it was cheaper, more potent and easier to use. Heroin is also a semi-synthetic opiate but is not regulated by pharmaceutical companies, it’s an illicit street drug. The abuse of heroin and prescription opioids is a large cause of the substance abuse epidemic that we as a country are struggling with currently. Opiate abuse treatment centers are available for those seeking help from opiate addiction.

Common Street Names for Opioids and Opiates

  • Roxys
  • Percs
  • Lean (Codeine)
  • Narcos
  • D’s (Dilaudid)
  • Dope
  • Hillybilly Heroin
  • Blues
  • Oxys

 

Physiology and Side Effects of Opioid and Opiate Abuse
Opioids act in the brain of users by increasing the amounts of dopamine the brain releases and endorphins which are chemicals that are naturally made in the brain. These chemicals have a depressant effect on the body, calming and reduction of pain. These chemicals are also associated with the pleasure and reward system of the brain. The brain learns to want to repeat actions that provoke feelings of pleasure, this is the start of how opioid addiction starts.
Over time more of the opioid is required to achieve pain relief, or for the user to get the same high that they’re accustomed to. The brain becomes less sensitive to the chemicals produced by the use or opiates, this begins the physical dependence.
With the repeated use of opioids and opiates users’ tolerance get higher and more of the drug is required to achieve the desired effect. Common side effects of opioid/opiate abuse are:
• Feelings of euphoria
• Drowsiness
• Sedation
• Itchiness
• Nausea
• Constipation
• Loss of Appetite
• Depressed Respirations

Understanding Opiate and Opioid Substance Abuse

When opioids are abused it gives the user feelings of euphoria, lack of pain and an overall relaxed feeling. With repeated use and abuse of opioids it causes users brains to require more of the opiates and the body becomes physically dependent on the chemicals caused by the high of the drugs. The mental and physical dependence on opioids can become crippling to those who abuse opiates. The withdrawal from opioids is extremely uncomfortable causing users to resort back to use to cope with the symptoms of withdrawal. At GateHouse we offer medical detox to the clients as to not have them resort back to opioid abuse.

Opioid and Opiate Abuse Symptoms

Every person exhibits opioid abuse symptoms differently, some of the most common signs and symptoms of opiate abuse are:

Mood

• Euphoric Moods
• Improved self-esteem
• Irritability
• Aloofness

• Forgetfulness
• Lowered Motivation
• Depressed
• Lowered Inhibitions

Behavioral

• Stealing
• Lying
• Change of social circles
• Extreme sedation
• Defensive actions about medication intake
• Nodding off at inappropriate times

• Unexplained or intentional injuries resulting in opioid prescriptions
• Wearing long sleeves in warm weather (to hide track marks)
• Opioid medications taken longer than necessary
• Purchasing prescription medications on the street

Physical

• Constricted pupils
• Dry mouth
• Constipation
• Nosebleed (from snorting opioids)
• Irregular sleep schedule

• Slowed breathing
• Flushed skin
• Unexplained itchiness
• Bruises and track marks (from IV opiate abuse)

Comprehensive Treatment for Opioid Addiction Recovery at GateHouse Treatment

Opioid and opiate abuse treatment is treating the disease of addiction and requires comprehensive treatment to help with the mental aspect of addiction to learn how to change the thoughts and the mental cravings for opiates. GateHouse Treatment offers a multitude of therapy options, this gives opioid abusers more avenues to pursue recovery from opiate addiction. Some of the treatment options that have a high efficacy rate in helping those struggling with substance abuse disorders are offered at GateHouse Treatment.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a therapy modality used by several licensed clinicians to help with the therapy process in clients suffering from addiction. The main idea in CBT is that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are connected in a way that all influence one another. In turn, by modifying one such as feelings, you can then change your behaviors and thoughts that could be affecting you adversely.
In addition to CBT, it is important to identify the underlying causes why the client began abusing opioids in the first place. Many took medications prescribed by doctors and became addicted over time. At GateHouse Treatment, we have psychiatrists on our comprehensive medical team that meet with each client regularly to discuss underlying issues and how to cope with them in the future without returning to opioid abuse.
Pharmacogenetics
At GateHouse Treatment, we offer not only individualized treatment plans, but “personalized medicine” with pharmacogenetics testing for our patients. As per the National Institute of Health (NIH), pharmacogenetics is “defined as the study of variability in drug response due to heredity.” In layman’s terms, this is defined as the process of analyzing which medications will react best with a patient’s genetic makeup. This way, our doctors don’t have to go through multiple rounds of prescriptions before finding medication that works for that specific patient. Often, this only adds to the patient’s stress and turmoil of detoxing and going through opioid addiction treatment. In turn those who originally became addicted to opiates from an injury can find a non-narcotic medication to help them manage their chronic pain if it is still an issue for them.
If you or a loved one is suffering from opioid addiction, reach out to GateHouse Treatment today. We have the staff and the tools to help you or your loved one recover from opiate addiction and find a life of long-term recovery.

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